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Aug 19 2023

Noncancerous Breas-t Problems in Women and Their Treatment: An Expert Plastic Surgeon in Hyderabad Opines

These days, more and more women are finding lumps in their breas-ts. Breas-t cancer is on the rise among women above the age of 30. If you find a lump, you may want to consult a doctor. However, before you jump to conclusions, you may not have cancer. Lumps can be noncancerous growths, and there may be a different reason for their presence. Sometimes, the issues with your breas-t may even be something that is not related to any growth.

Noncancerous breas-t issues, also known as benign breas-t conditions, are common in women and can cause various symptoms or changes in the breas-t tissue. These noncancerous tissues can be addressed by a plastic surgeon effectively. Here are some examples of noncancerous breas-t issues:

  • Fibrocystic breas-t Changes
  • Fibroadenomas
  • Breas-t Infections (e.g., Mastitis)
  • Breas-t Cysts
  • Adenosis
  • Ductal Ectasia
  • Fat Necrosis
  • Papillomas
  • Lipomas
  • Breas-t Abscesses
  • Mammary Duct Ectasia
  • Nipple Discharge (not associated with cancer)
  • Galactoceles
  • Phyllodes Tumors (usually benign, but can be borderline or malignant)

Fibrocystic Breas-t Changes: This condition involves the development of lumpy or rope-like breas-t tissue. It can cause breas-t pain, tenderness, swelling, and the formation of fluid-filled cysts. Treatment options may also involve modifying one's lifestyle, such as giving up caffeine or using pain-relieving medications available over the counter.

Fibroadenomas: Fibroadenomas are solid, rubbery lumps that can develop at any age. They are typically painless. They are the most prevalent benign breas-t tumours and may not need treatment if they remain stable. However, it can be necessary to have surgery to remove bigger or developing fibroadenomas. These issues can be addressed effectively as there are varied breas-t plastic surgery procedures available to do so. 

Breas-t Infections: Bacteria can infiltrate the breas-t tissue and cause infections like Mastitis. This typically happens during breas-tfeeding. breas-t soreness, edema, redness, and fever are symptoms. Antibiotics, analgesics, warm compresses, and maintaining normal milk drainage are frequently used as treatments.

Breas-t Cysts: breas-t tissue can produce cysts, which are fluid-filled sacs. They might result in smooth, moveable breas-t lumps that change in size throughout the menstrual cycle. The cyst can be monitored, the fluid can be aspirated with a small needle, or if the cyst is bothersome or worrisome, it can be surgically removed. One must consult a renowned plastic surgery clinic to speak with a skilled surgeon. 

Galactorrhea: Galactorrhea is the medical term for abnormal milk production in non-breas-tfeeding mothers. The goal of treatment is to treat the underlying reason, which may involve administering drugs, undergoing hormonal therapy, or attending to any underlying medical concerns.

Adenosis: Adenosis refers to the enlargement of milk-producing glands in the breas-t. It is often detected during a breas-t biopsy. In most cases, no treatment is necessary, but close monitoring by a plastic surgeon doctor may be recommended.

Ductal Ectasia: Ductal ectasia is a condition in which the milk ducts under the nipple enlarge or become clogged. breas-t soreness, nipple inversion, and nipple discharge are possible side effects. Warm compresses, medication for an infection, and surgery in more serious situations are all possible forms of treatment.

Importance of breas-t Examinations

The importance of breas-t Self-examination (BSE), Clinical breas-t examination (CBE) by a physician and mammogram cannot be emphasized more when it comes to maintaining breas-t health.

When to do BSE? 

The plastic surgery doctor or an expert breas-t doctor advises that BSE should begin at the age of 20 and be done monthly. It is recommended in menstruating women to examine 2-3 days after the periods when the breas-ts are soft, and there is no fluid retention. Postmenopausal women can perform it on the same calender day every month.

How to do BSE?

It can be done standing in front of a mirror, in the shower and in a lying down position. It should be done with the pads of the middle finger fingers and not the fingertips. The women should examine all areas of the breas-t, starting from the armpit or axilla to the breas-t bone centrally and vertically from the collar bone to the breas-t fold. Circular small massaging movements with finger pads of the opposite hand, always maintaining the contact of the finger with the breas-t tissue. There is also a wheel spoke method and grid method in vertical columns for BSE.

A small amount of oil or gel would help to reduce friction and allow fingers to glide along the breas-t.

Although most of the cancerous growth can occur in the outer quadrant of the breas-t or under the nipple, it can occur in any area of the breas-t, chest and armpit; therefore, a thorough examination is important.

What to look for in BSE?

Look for skin dimpling on breas-ts, nipple retractions, unusual lumps or knots in the breas-t tissue, swellings in the armpit, any nipple discharge, or scaling of the skin on the nipple.

It's crucial to remember that there are more noncancerous breas-t disorders in addition to these few examples. A healthcare professional, such as a breas-t specialist or plastic surgeon, should be consulted as soon as you become aware of any changes or issues with your breas-ts. They can provide an accurate diagnosis and suggest the best course of action for you based on your unique circumstances. 

There are hundreds of breas-t problems, some of which resolve in a matter of days while others require long-term care. When considering these difficulties, people often question  how to choose the best plastic surgeon. Preferably, the very first time you suspect an issue that can be an indication of a serious condition. 

Remember, knowing your breas-ts by a self-examination will enable you to take further steps to reduce the complications. Book a personalized consultation from Dr. Sandhya Balasubramnyan, the best plastic surgeon in Hyderabad, for any breas-t-related issues. 

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